Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrition and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. Not only the human but also the dogs require nutrition for their own survival.
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They need nutrition for optimum healthy living. When you are caring of dog or puppy you may have to concern about the quantity of the nutrition that provides for dog according to the age ranges. Your dogs nutritional requirement is depend on their stage in life, size and breed. The better way is provided them a healthy diet including essential nutrition to maintain their health and growth.
Dogs need certain amount of energy to maintain their daily activities such as exercises, reproduction, and lactation. To fulfill these tasks they need nutrition to gain energy. Usually dogs require several types of nutrition including carbohydrates, amino acids from protein, fats and fatty acids, water, vitamins and minerals.
Carbohydrates – Essential Dog Nutrition
Dogs get energy from carbohydrates including sugar, starch and dietary fibers. Major food items that provide carbohydrate nutrition to dogs are legumes, cereals and other plant foodstuffs. Carbohydrates mainly help for better health of the intestine and important for reproduction. Fibers are types of carbohydrates that maintain the chronic diarrhea in dogs by altering the bacterial population in small intestine.
This fiber source must be moderately fermentable. They help for healthy gut. But foods with much fiber may not good for puppies and growing dogs. Usually fermentable fibers are enhanced the immune function and helped for the regulation of blood sugar concentration. Fibers without fermentable are used to reduce the caloric intake of overweight dogs. Glucose and fructose are carbohydrates that known as absorbable carbohydrates. They are not digested by using enzyme, are directly absorbed to dog’s body to give energy.
Amino Acids from Protein – Essential Dog Nutrition
Normally dog requires bare of 18% protein for its daily diet to maintain growth. Proteins are the major building blocks that are essentially need for growth, repair, maintenance and reproduction. Proteins are found on cells, tissues, organs, enzymes, antibodies and hormones.
Protein is a very essential nutrient require for dogs coz without protein they cannot be survived. There are 10 specific amino acids are contained in dietary protein, which are unable to produce by dogs on their own. Normally proteins are constituted in many dog foods including chicken, beef, fish, lamb and eggs. And also dogs can survive on vegetarian foods if there is a sufficient amount of protein content. Now days there are so many vegetarian foods in the market that are necessary for dog’s diet such as soy, cereals and vegetables.
You have to pay more attention while buying foods for your dog coz some manufactured foods are made by vegetable protein. Dogs may hard to digest vegetable protein foods. It is really better to feed them foods made of animal protein.
Fats and fatty acids – Essential Dog Nutrition
Normally dog needs minimum of 5% fat in its daily diet. Fats and fatty acids give energy to your dog. Fats are important to produce some hormones and maintain the structure of cell. An also fats are needed to absorb and utilize some vitamins and protect internal organs of dogs.
Fats proved more concentrated energy source in the diet. Fatty acids are important to maintain cell structure and function. Also very importantly fatty acids keep dog’s coat and skin healthy. Fats contain in foods make increase the taste and texture of the dog foods. If your dog may suffering from deficiency of fatty acid it may directly cause increase of skin problems (dry, coarse hair, skin lesions) and reduce of growth. You have to aware of not to buy fat free foods for your dog.
Water – Essential Dog Nutrition
Water is a major essential nutrition to live. Normally according to the body weight dog needs 60 – 70 % of water quantity for its own survival. Sometimes water requirement for the body is depend on its activity level. We have to pay attention of our dog during feed time.
Coz if we provide dry foods we have to moisture foods by 10 % of water and if it is canned food moisture up to 78%. Eating lot of day foods make your dog thirsty. We all know without water it is difficult to survive. If your dog loses 10% of body water may drive to cause serious diseases and if it ran to 15% of loss your dog may probably die.
Vitamins – Essential Dog Nutrition
Vitamins are organic compounds which required dogs in low concentrations for their metabolic activities. Most vitamins cannot be synthesized in the body, so it is necessary to gain from diet.
|Vitamin Type||Functions||Diseases [Deficiency/Excess]|
|A||Growth, immune function, vision, fetal development,etc.||Loss of body weight, joint pain, skin lesions|
|D||Phosphorous balance, maintenance of mineral status||Rickets, loss of muscle tone, diarrhea, muscle atrophy|
|E||Defense against oxidative damage||Renal degradation, degeneration of skeletal muscles, reproductive failure|
Minerals – Essential Dog Nutrition
Minerals are the nutrition that cannot be synthesized in the body and must need to gain through the diet. Minerals are the major constituents of teeth and bones. Also important to maintain fluid balance in many metabolic reactions.
|Calcium||Formation of bones and teeth, impulse transmission, muscle contraction||Skeletal aberrations, skeletal abnormalities|
|Phosphorus||Skeletal structure, energy metabolism, DNA and RNA structure||Poor appetite, reduce weight gain|
|Magnesium||Hormone secretion and function, enzyme function||Irritability, reduction of weight gain|