Your Dog is faithful companion, but he doesn’t know to talk about his health issues. As his owner you need to know about his pains and help him to live healthy life. Unfortunately dogs face many health issues. But many of these problems can be prevented with proper treatments and vaccinations.
Here we list Most Common Dog Health Problems with their Symptoms. We strongly recommended to get advice from veterinary surgeon before you start treatments.
1.Dog Health Problems – Dental Disease
This is one of the most common diseases in dogs. Mainly occurs around the tooth. Periodontal disease associated with inflammation and as a result deep supporting structure of your doggie can be loose. When the food particles and bacteria aggregate along your doggie’s gumline and make plaque. Then the plaque is mixed with saliva and minerals. After transforming to calculus it causes gum irritation and inflammatory condition called gingivitis. This case can start with the one tooth inflammation. This can be very painful and lead to lose teeth. Once your doggie is suffering from this kind of disease you can find out symptoms while observing him. Some symptoms are including
- Purulent around teeth
- Bad breath (persistence)
- Pawing at the mouth
- Missing teeth
- Difficult to eat or chewing
- Stomach upsets
Periodontal disease is caused due to many factors. Mainly it affects due to ageing. This disease normally caused old age doggies. Also it happens due to the affect of bacteria such as Streptococcus and Actinomyces grooming habits, home care, and diet and chewing behaviour, genetics and tooth alignment of your doggie. X – Rays are important to diagnose this disease.
2.Dog Health Problems – Parvo virus
Parvo virus is a most severe contagious viral disease. It can badly affect to you doggie’s intestinal tract and attack to the white blood cells (WBC). If your doggie is affected by this Parvo virus in his puppy stage that can be damaged to cardiac muscles and cause long-term cardiac problems. This is rapidly contagious and transmitted by in contact with the feces of infected dog. This virus can survive for a long time in the environment. Highly resistant. If your doggie is suffering from Parvo virus you can examine it through symptoms. Symptoms are including,
- Severe Vomiting
- Bloody – foul smelling diarrhea
- Loss of appetite
Parvo virus can be diagnosed through your veterinarian by laboratory testing. ELISA (Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbant Assay) is a common test for Parvo virus. But sometimes this test is not only required according to your doggie’s disease condition.
3.Dog Health Problems – Heartworm
Heartworm is a severe disease that make path to dangerous heart failure, lung disease and other organ diseases. Heartworm is spread through the parasitic worm called Dirofilaria immits. Those worms are entering to your doggie by the biting of the mosquito. Your doggie is become the host in this disease. Heartworm disease is not contagious. So this disease cannot be caught by your doggie by staying with infection dog. After mosquito biting parasitic worms are entered to doggie’s bloodstream. Then they become matured inside and mated with each other. Finally worm gang damaging the inside systems of your doggie. In the first stage of this disease you cannot be seen by observing him. Thereafter he shows symptoms including,
- Occasional cough, finally become persist
- Trouble to breath
- Become tired after activities
Veterinarians recommended drug immiticide (melarsomine hydrocholoride) to kill the adult heartworms. Treatments for Heartworm are very expensive. It can be potentially toxic to your doggie. After knowing he is suffering from this disease it is important to visit your family vet often, get x- rays, and give recommended injections.
4.Dog Health Problems – Obesity
This is a nutritional disease. Obesity is due to the excess weight or excess body fat of your doggie. This is commonly occurring to dogs in all ages, but it can find often in the middle aged dogs. The reasons of excess of body fat in your doggie are the over nourished him and lack of exercises. Obesity can become life dangerous also. It can reduce your doggie’s life span. The organs response for breathing capacity, digestive organs, bones and muscles can be affected in your doggie. This can be a severe situation. Unhealthy eating habits such as alternate diets and high calorie foods and also can be a reason for this Obesity. While your doggie is suffering from this disease you can find out through symptoms including
- Excess body fat
- Weight gain
- Inability to exercise
Obesity can be recognized by measuring the body weight of your doggie. Veterinarian can recognize by examining his head, tail, lumbar area and ribs. If your doggie’s body condition score than seven, probably he is suffering from Obesity.
5.Dog Health Problems – Rabies
Rabies is a severe viral disease that affects the gray matter of your doggie’s brain and the central nervous system of him. Rabies is a single stranded RNA virus. Rabid dog remain his infectious viral particles in the salivary gland. So the virus is transmitted through the saliva. When the virus is entering to your doggie through the infectious dog’s saliva, it replicates in the muscle cells. Then spread to the central nervous system via the closest nerve fibers. This virus can be developed up to a month without showing any symptoms. But if he starts to show symptoms it will grow rapidly. Rabies, there is two forms including paralytic and furious. You have to be careful if your doggie shows symptoms like,
- Change of bark tone
- Aggression or unusual shyness
- Changes in behavior
To safe your doggie from rabies you have to meet immediately your vet. Your vet may keep him quarantine in a locked cage. This is the only way of confirming whether your dog has rabies or not.
6.Dog Health Problems – Diarrhea
Diarrhea can be caused by due to the diet changes, serious illness or infections. Single bout of Diarrhea is not cause much effect on your doggie, but if it remain more than a day it’s better to meet your family vet and check about his condition coz it can lead to dehydration. This can be dangerous to him. Diarrhea is caused because of food intolerance, garbage or spoiled food ingestion, allergic reaction, ingestion of toxic or poisonous things, bacterial or viral infections, stress, some diseases, etc. You can recognize diarrhea though the symptoms show by your doggie. Including,
- Loose or liquid frequent stools
- Blood or mucus in stool
- Decreased appetite
- Weight loss
You can bring your doggie to the vet if he is suffering from Diarrhea more than a day.
7.Dog Health Problems – Kidney Disease
Kidney disease also called as chronic renal disease is most commonly affected to old age dogs. This disease is mainly caused due to the age, infections of fungal, bacterial and viral, cancer, inflammation, parasites, trauma and congenital and inherited diseases. Because of Kidney Disease other regulatory conditions become slow such as blood pressure, pH level, blood volume, water composition in blood, blood cell count, etc. This can be very severe condition. It can make your doggie death coz symptoms are shown in the late stage. Symptoms including,
- Weight loss
- Blood in urine
- Loss of appetite
- Thirst increase
To recognize this Kidney Disease vet has get a complete blood test of your doggie including urinalysis and complete blood count. X – Rays and ultrasound imaging also help to find out the shape and size of his kidney. If he has this disease his kidney becomes abnormally small.
8.Dog Health Problems – Diabetes
Diabetes is caused due to inadequate to insulin or lack of the hormone insulin. To the development of this complex disease genetics, obesity, autoimmune disease and medications are mainly affected. Diabetes is a manageable disorder. There are two types of Diabetes including lack of insulin production and impaired insulin production. Most common type in dogs is lack of insulin production. This type of disease dog needs insulin therapy to survive. When he is suffering from Diabetes he shows symptoms including,
- Weight loss
- Appetite changes
- Increase of thirsty
- Increased urination
Obese dogs and female dogs that are in their late life can be easily get caught by Diabetes.
9.Dog Health Problems – Distemper
Distemper is a severe contagious viral disease. There is high susceptibility to contagious this disease to unvaccinated puppies, young puppies and non immunized older dogs. Doggies that have bacterial infections in respiratory system and digestive system may have high vulnerability to infect this Distemper. Virus is transmitted through the direct contact with blood, saliva or fresh urine. You can observe his symptoms and recognize Distemper. Symptoms are including,
- From the eyes and nose thick mucus coming out
- Vomiting and Diarrhea
- Loss of appetite
Immediately after if you suspect he is suffering from Distemper you must take him in to vet. This virus is spreading rapidly. This can be diagnosed via urine analysis and biochemical tests.
10.Dog Health Problems – Kennel Cough
Kennel cough is a common highly dangerous contagious respiratory disease. This is caused by the inflammation of the trachea and bronchi. Yong puppies and old dogs may highly infected by this Kennel cough. Young dogs suffer coz they have immature immune system and older get caught due to the reduction of their immune capability. Microorganisms including virus and bacteria may contribute the infection of this disease. Kennel Cough is transmitted though air, by direct contact with infected dogs and contact with contaminated objects. After catching Kennel Cough your doggie shows symptoms including,
- A dry, hacking cough
- Watery nasal discharge
As treatments of Kennel Cough you can give him antibiotics, vitamins, honey, cough medicine, herbal tea and licorice root.